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South Central ARMI

Guide to Louisiana Amphibians

Two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means)

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  Image of Two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means)
  Photo: Brad Glorioso
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  Range Map for Two-toed amphiuma (Amphiuma means)
  Range map source: USGS National Amphibian Atlas, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Large, elongate, eel-like salamander reaching up to 46 inches in length. Dorsum brown to black with a lighter gray venter and poorly defined throat patch. Two small, vestigial limbs contain two toes each. Long, laterally compressed tail. Primarily nocturnal. Moves overland through swamps on rainy nights, but primarily aquatic. Hide in crawfish burrows or under submerged debris during the daytime. Preys on crawfish, worms, small fish, snakes, frogs, insects, and crustaceans. Aestivate in burrows during seasonal droughts and may live up to three years without food. Very little is known about the reproductive behavior. Females lay approximately 200 eggs in bead-like strings and guard eggs until hatching. Primary prey of the mud snake, Farancia abacura. Populations exist in the Florida Parishes in almost all freshwater habitats.

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