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South Central ARMI

Guide to Louisiana Amphibians

American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)

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  Image of American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)
  Photo: Brad Glorioso
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  Range Map for American toad (Anaxyrus americanus)
  Range map source: USGS National Amphibian Atlas, USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center
Medium-sized, brown, red or gray toad ranging from 1.75-2.75 inches in length. Dorsum is generally unpatterned with a faint dorsal stripe. When present, dark dorsal spots have one or two warts per spot. Red, brown or gray venter is unmarked or slightly spotted. Parotoid glands sometimes have curved margins with a shape resembling a “kidney”. Parotoid glands are generally separate from cranial ridge or joined with a small spur. Large warts are present on tibiae. Individuals eat anything living and small enough to swallow. Hides in burrows or under logs and debris. Sings earlier than other toads. Call is a pleasant musical trill that lasts up to 30 seconds. Breeds from late-February to early-June. Females lay eggs in long, tube-like, gelatinous strings that are wrapped around vegetation or left sitting freely on the water bottom. Species occurs in a wide variety of habitats in the Florida Parishes including uplands and bottomlands, replanted pine forests and shortleaf pine-hardwood uplands.

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Page Last Modified: Monday, 28-Sep-2015 14:01:52 EDT