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Worldwide Distribution, Spread of, and Efforts to Eradicate the Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

References Cited

Abbas, A., 1991, Feeding strategy of coypu: Journal of Zoology, v. 224, no. 3, p. 385-401.

Aliev, F.F., 1967, Numerical changes and the population structure of the coypu, Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782), in different countries: Saugertierkundliche Mitteilungen, v. 15, no. 3, p. 238-242.

Ashbrook, F.G., 1948, Nutrias grow in United States: Journal of Wildlife Management, v. 12, p. 87-95.

Bailey, J.W., and Heidt, G.A., 1978, Range and status of the nutria, Myocastor coypus, in Arkansas, in Proceedings of the Arkansas Academy of Science: Fayetteville, Arkansas, Academy of Science, p. 25-27.

Banfield, A.W.F., 1974, The mammals of Canada: Toronto, Canada, University of Toronto Press, 438 p.

Bednarik, K.E., 1961, Nutria in Ohio: Columbus, Ohio, Ohio Division of Wildlife.

Bounds, D., ed., 1998, Marsh restoration: nutria control in Maryland, Pilot program proposal: Maryland, Maryland Department of Natural Resources.

Bounds, D.L., 2000, Nutria: an invasive species of national concern: Wetland Journal, v. 12, p. 9-16.

Bourdelle, E., 1939, American mammals introduced into France in the contemporary period, especially Myocastor and Ondatra: Journal of Mammalogy, v. 20, no. 3, p. 287-291.

Brown, L.N., 1975, Ecological relationship and breeding biology of the nutria (Myocastor coypus) in the Tampa, Florida, area: Journal of Mammalogy, v. 56, no. 4, p. 928-930.

Cocchi, R., and Riga, F., 1999, Nutria Myocastor coypus (Molina, 1782): Iconografia Dei Moammiferi D’Italia Isituto Nazionale Per La Fauna Selvatica 38 (In Italian).

Deems, E.F., and Pursley, D., eds., 1978, North American furbearers: their management, research and harvest status in 1976: International Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies in cooperation with the Maryland Department of Natural Resources-Wildlife Administration: College Park, University of Maryland, University Press, 165 p.

Ehrlich, S., 1962, Experiment on the adaptation of nutria to winter conditions: Journal of Mammalogy, v. 43, p. 418.

Ehrlich, S., 1967, Field studies in the adaptation of nutria to seasonal variations: Mammalia, v. 31, no. 3, p. 347-360.

Evans, J., 1970, About nutria and their control: Washington, D.C., U.S. Government Printing Office, Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife, Denver Wildlife Research Center.

Evans, J., 1983, Nutria, in Timm, R.M., ed., Prevention and Control of Wildlife Damage: Great Plains Agricultural Council, Wildlife Resource Committee.

Finnish Hunters’ Central Organization, 2000, Web site at, Accessed 2000.

Gebhardt, H., 1996, Ecological and economic consequences of introductions of exotic wildlife (birds and mammals) in Germany: Wildlife Biology, v. 2, no. 3, p. 205-211.

Gosling, L.M., and Baker, S.J., 1987, Planning and monitoring an attempt to eradicate coypus from Britain, in The Proceedings of a Symposium held at the Zoological Society of London, 28-29 November, 1986, London, United Kingdom, p. 100-113.

Gosling, L.M. and Baker, S.J., 1989, The eradication of muskrats and coypus from Britain: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, v. 38, no. 1, p. 39-51.

Hall, E.R., 1981, The mammals of North America, (2d ed.): New York, N.Y., John Wiley & Sons.

Han, S.H., Kong, D.S., and Cha, J.Y., 1999, Exotic animal species in South Korea: Ecological Society of America 84th Annual Meeting, August, 1999, Spokane, Washington (abstract).

Haramis, M., and Colona, R., 1999, The effect of nutria (Myocastor coypus) on marsh loss in the lower eastern shore of Maryland: an exclosure study: Available at (Accessed February 11, 2001).

Harper, D.M., Mavuti, K.M., and Muchiri, S.M., 1990, Ecology and management of Lake Naivasha, Kenya, in relation to climatic change, alien species' introduction, and agricultural development: Environmental Conservation, v. 17, no. 4, p. 328-336.

Holdom, M.W., 1944, Additional notes on feral coypus: The Murrelet, v. 25, no. 2, p. 30.

Hollander, R.D., Robertson, R.N., and Kinucan, R J., 1992, First record of the nutria, Myocastor coypus, in the Trans-Pecos region of Texas: The Texas Journal of Science, v. 44, no. 1, p. 119.

Howerth, E.W., Reeves, A.J., McElveen, M.R., and Austin, F.W., 1994, Survey for selected diseases in nutria (Myocastor coypus) in Louisiana: Journal of Wildlife Diseases, v. 30, no. 3, p. 450-453.

Kanwanich, S., 1998, The arguments for and against breeding nutrias: Bangkok, Thailand, Bangkok Post Perspective February 8, 1998, Available at (Accessed October 22, 2001).

Kennedy, M.L., and Kennedy, P.K., 1998, First record of nutria, Myocastor coypus (Mammalia: Rodentia) in Tennessee: Brimleyana, v. 25, p. 156-157.

Kinler, N.W., Linscombe, G., and Ramsey, P.R., 1987, Nutria, in Novak, M., Baker, J.A., Obbard, M.E, and Malloch, B., eds., Wild furbearer management and conservation in North America, Ontario, Canada: The Ontario Trappers Association, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.

Larrison, E.J., 1943, Feral coypus in the Pacific Northwest: The Murrelet, v. 24, no. 1, p. 3-9.

Laurie, E.M.O., 1946, The coypu (Myocastor coypus) in Great Britain: Journal of Animal Ecology, v. 5, no. 1, p. 22-34.

Litjens, B.E.J., 1980, De beverrat, Myocastor coypus (Molina), in Nederland: Lutra, v. 23, p. 45-53 (Dutch with English abstract).

Litjens, B.E.J., 1984, De beverrat Myocastor coypus in Nederlands limburg en aangrenzende gebieden: Lutra, v. 27, p. 208 (Dutch).

Lowery, G.H., 1974, The mammals of Louisiana and its adjacent waters: Baton Rouge, Louisiana State University Press.

Lueth, F.X., 1949, The first year of nutria investigation on the Mobile Delta, in Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Game and Fish Commissioner, v. 3, p. 98-104.

Miller, J.R., 1996, Nutrias in the U.S. and trade, case number 288: Trade Environment Database (TED), Available at

Mitchell-Jones, A.J., Amori, G., Bogdanowicz, w., Krystufek, B., Reijnders, P.J.H., Spitzenberger, F., Stubbe, M., Thissen, J.B.M., Vohralik, V., and Zima, J., 1999, The atlas of European mammals: United Kingdom, London, Academic Press.

Miura, S., 1976, Dispersal of nutria in Okayama Prefecture: The Journal of the Mammalogical Society of Japan, v. 6, no. 5,6, p. 231-237 (In Japanese).

Pagels, J.F., 1989, Of mice and men and other mammals: Virginia Wildlife, v. 50, no. 12, p. 16-21.

Reggiani, G., Boitani, L., D’Antoni, S., and DeStefano, R., 1993, Biology and control of the coypu in the Mediterranean area: Supplement Alle Ricerche Di Biologia Della Selvaggina, v. 21, p. 67-100.

Sályi, G., Sztojkov, V., and Ililbertné, 1988, Crown vetch (Coronilla varia L.) poisoning of the coypu: Magyar Áaraatudomaanyi Lopja, v. 43, p. 313-316 (Hungarian with English abstract).

Schitoskey, F., Evans, J., and La Voie, G.K., 1972, Status and control of nutria in California, in Proceedings of theVertebrate Pest Conference, Davis, University of California: Davis, University of California, p. 15-17.

Stubbe, M., 1989, Die nutria Myocastor coypus (Molina): Buch der Hege, v. 1, (Haarwild), p. 630-639 (In German).

Stubbe, M., 1992, Die nutria Myocastor Coypu in den Ostlichen Deutschen Bundeslandern: Semiaquatische Saugetiere, v. 9, no. 6, p. 80-97 (German with English abstract).

Suvegova, K., Mertin, D., Oravcova, E., and Rafay, J., 1994, Probiotic use in the management of coypus: Aivocisna Vyroba, v. 39, no. 3, p. 239-245 (Polish with English abstract).

Sztojkov, V., Osztotics, F., and Molnar, L., 1982, A disease caused by Treponema hyodysenteriae in a large-scale coypu farm: Maygar Allatorvosok Lapja, v. 34, p. 94-97 (Hungarian with English abstract).

Van Den Brink, F.H. 1968. A field guide to the mammals of Britain and Europe: Boston, Mass., Houghton Mifflin Company.

Vinogradov, B.S., and Argiropulo, A.I., 1941, Nutria, in Salkind, J., translator, Fauna of the U.S.S.R.: Washington, D.C., The Smithsonian Institute and The National Science Foundation, p. 115-116.

Wilner, G.R., Chapman J.A., and Pursley D., 1979, Reproduction, physiological responses, food habits, and abundance of nutria on Maryland marshes: Journal of Wildlife Management, Wildlife Monographs, no 65.

Wolfe, J.L., 1971, Mississippi land mammals: distribution, identification, ecological notes, Mississippi Museum of Natural Science: Jackson, Miss., Mississippi Game and Fish Commission, 44 p.

Wolfe, J.A., and Bradshaw, D.K., 1987, Alligator feeding habits: new data and a review: Northeast Gulf Science, v. 9, no. 1, p. 1-8.

Woods, C.A., Contereas, L., Willner-Chapman, G., and Whidden, H.P., 1992, Myocastor coypus, The American Society of Mammalogists: Mammalian Species, v. 398, p. 1-8.


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