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Worldwide Distribution, Spread of, and Efforts to Eradicate the Nutria (Myocastor coypus)

Central Asia and the Middle East

Middle East and Central Asia Map Turkey China Tajikistan Turkmenistan Kazakhstan Russia Russia Russia Israel Jordan Georgia Azerbaijan Armenia Armenia: Aliev (1967) reports nutria in Armenia. A semicaptive* trial of raising nutria in the wild was begun in 1940 (Aliev, 1967). Nutria acclimatization was a success on the upper sections of irrigation canals near springs (Aliev, 1967).

Azerbaijan:
Vinogradov and Argiropulo (1941) report nutria are acclimatized in Azerbaijan. Animals were released from 1930 to 1932 on reservoirs (Aliev, 1967). Breeders raise a pedigree group of nutria called Azerbaijan white coypus (Aliev, 1967).

Georgia
: Introduced in Georgia between 1930 to 1932 (Vinogradov and Argiropulo, 1941; Aliev, 1967). During periods of high population density, nutria have leveled the herbaceous cover in the marshy areas there (Laurie, 1946).

Israel
: Nutria are present in Israel. They were observed from 1948 to1966 living in various habitats and under various environmental conditions (Ehrlich, 1967). Originally, they were raised on farms, but now escaped, they cause damage to fish ponds (Aliev, 1967; Perry, written commun., 1999).

Jordan
: Nutria were introduced to Jordan during the British mandate and are still found in a few river systems.

Kazakhstan
: Nutria were released on reservoirs in Kazakhstan between 1930 and 1932 (Vinogradov and Argiropulo, 1941; Aliev, 1967). Current status is unknown.

Russia:
Successfully introduced on a large scale in 1926 (Laurie, 1946). Farms were established in the Krasnodar Territory of Russia from 1933 to 1934 (Aliev, 1967). Nutria were released between 38-45° N latitude and became acclimatized in lakes and flood plains of large rivers in that region (Vinogradov and Argiropulo, 1941).

Tajikistan:
A successful experiment was set up by government agencies to acclimatize nutria to reservoirs in the valley of the River Vakhsh in 1949 (Aliev, 1967).

Turkey
: Established in large reed swamps and fens in the northeastern corner of the country (Kinler and others, 1987). Current status is unknown.

Turkmenistan
: Released on reservoirs between 1930 and 1932 in Turkmenistan (Aliev, 1967; Vinogradov and Argiropulo, 1941). Their current status is unknown.

* Semicaptive raising of nutria as practiced in the Caucuses and in Eastern Europe, consists of managing the habitat so that the nutria does not experience the detrimental effects of harsh winters. Ponds are drained and vegetative cover provided for the animals. In some places nutria are even fed over winter (Ehrlich, 1962; Aliev, 1967; Suvegova and others, 1994).


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