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USGS National Wetlands Research Center Digital Library

Species Profiles: Life Histories and Environmental Requirements of Coastal Fishes and Invertebrates

This series describes the life histories and environmental requirements of coastal aquatic organisms along the coasts of the United States. The organisms are principally fish of sport, commercial, or ecological importance. The profiles were designed to provide coastal managers, engineers, and biologists with a brief, comprehensive sketch of the biological characteristics and environmental requirements of the species and to describe how populations of the species may be expected to react to environmental changes caused by coastal development. Individual profiles have sections on taxonomy, life history, ecological role, environmental requirements, and economic importance, if applicable.

There are 126 profiles in the series, and all are available in the form of PDF files. We recommend using Adobe Reader 8+ to view these documents. The species profiles are organized according to regions (e.g., Gulf of Mexico coast, North Atlantic coast, Pacific Northwest). Beginning with 82(11.28), the species profiles were published under the new "Biological Reports" series. The Biological Reports series replaced the FWS/OBS series published by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service from 1976 to September 1984. These profiles were produced by the National Wetlands Research Center in the 1980's, and the project was jointly planned and financed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Currently, there are no plans to update, revise, or add individual profiles to this series. For assistance, please contact the NWRC Library or email the NWRC Librarian at

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